All you need to know about Kargil War

All you need to know about Kargil War

How, when and where

July 26. It was on this day 19 years ago that the Indian Army recaptured all the Indian posts in Kargil that had been occupied by Pakistan’s army. Since then, July 26 has been observed annually to commemorate the sacrifices made by soldiers in this war. Here’s all you need to know about the Kargil war:

The war took place between May and July of 1999 in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kargil district. It is believed to have been orchestrated by the then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf without the knowledge of the then Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.

It began with the infiltration of both Pakistani troops and terrorists into Indian territory. The infiltrators positioned themselves in key locations that gave them a strategic advantage during the start of the conflict. Based on information from local shepherds, the Indian Army was able to ascertain the points of incursion and launch “Operation Vijay”.

Vijay Diwas

The Army declared the mission successful on July 26, 1999; since then the day has been celebrated annually as Kargil Vijay Diwas.


The victory came at a high price. The official death toll on the Indian side was 527, while that on the Pakistani side was between 357 and 453.

The war

Because the Pakistani soldiers and terrorists had positioned themselves at higher altitudes, it gave them an advantage in combat, as they could fire down at advancing Indian troops.
They shot down two Indian fighter jets while another fighter jet crashed during the operation.
Pakistan asked the US to intervene, but then President Bill Clinton declined to do so until Pakistani troops were withdrawn from the Line of Control.
As Pakistani troops withdrew, the Indian armed forces attacked the rest of the outposts. Managing to get back the last of them by July 26.

After the war

Pakistan initially denied any role in the conflict, saying India was facing off with “Kashmiri freedom fighters”. However, it later awarded its soldiers medals for the conflict, removing any doubt of its involvement.

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