Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi (Vināyaka Caturthī), or Vinayaka Chaviti

(Vināyaka Cavitī) is a Hindu festival celebrating the arrival of Lord Ganesh to earth from Kailash Parvat

with his mother Goddess Parvati/Gauri.

The festival is marked with the installation of Lord Ganesh’s clay murtis privately in homes and

publicly by Shri Bal Gangadhar Tilak popularly known as Lokmanya Tilak in Pune in the year 1893

on elaborate pandals (temporary stages). Observations include chanting of Vedic hymns and Hindu

texts such as, prayers and vrata (fasting).

Offerings and prasāda from the daily prayers, that are distributed from the pandal to the community,

include sweets such as modaka as it  believed to be a favourite of Lord Ganesh.

The festival ends on the tenth day after start, when the idol  carried in a public procession with music

and group chanting, then immersed in a nearby body of water such as a river or sea, called visarjan..

In Mumbai alone, around 150,000 statues  immersed annually.

Thereafter the clay idol dissolves and Ganesh  believed to return to Mount Kailash to Parvati and Shiva.

The festival celebrates Lord Ganesh as the God of New Beginnings and the Remover of Obstacles as

well as the god of wisdom and intelligence and  observed throughout India, especially in the

states such as Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana,

Odisha, Goa, West Bengal, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu.

Ganesh Chaturthi  also observed in Nepal and by the Hindu diaspora elsewhere such as in Australia,

New Zealand, Canada, Singapore, Malaysia, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, other parts of the

Caribbean, Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa, United States, and Europe.

In the Gregorian calendar, Ganesh Chaturthi falls between 22 August and 20 September every year.

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