Important Facts About Indian Independence


Indian Independence Day is celebrated on 15th August. This year (August 15, 2021), India celebrates its 75th Independence Day.

The country had been ruled by the British Crown from 1858 to 1947, before which the British formed the East Indian Company that existed from 1757 to 1857.

The fight for independence first occurred in 1857 which is famously called the Indian Rebellion of 1857 post which the British hold on the Indian subcontinent grew stronger than before.

Several freedom fighters plunged themselves in the Indian Independence Movement and fought the British bravely and ousted them forever on 15th August 1947.

Indian National Anthem Adopted only in 1950:

At the time of independence, Indian did not have an official national anthem.

The song Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata composed in 1911 by Rabindranath Tagore was renamed as ‘Jan Gan Man’ and adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the national anthem on 24th January 1950.

Indian Flag Was First Hoisted in 1906:

The Indian national flag with 3 horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green was hoisted on 7th August 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square, Kolkata.

The first variant of our current national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1921. The current flag with saffron, white and green stripes with the 24-spoke Ashok Chakra was officially adopted on 22nd July 1947 and hoisted on 15th August 1947.

The Indian Flag Is Manufactured at only One Place in India:

The Indian flag is manufactured and supplied from only one place in the country.

The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS), located in Dharwad, Karnataka, has the authority to manufacture and supply the Indian flag.

According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the national flag is manufactured only with hand-spun and handwoven cotton khadi bunting.

Lord Mountbatten Chose 15th August as Indian Independence Day:

Although the Indian Independence Act was approved on 18 July 1947, Lord Mountbatten chose 15th August as the date of Indian independence as it coincided with the date of Japan’s surrendering to the Allied Forces after World War II.

Our National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ Was Part of a Novel:

The national song ‘Vande Mataram’ composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was indeed part of his novel Anandamath written in the 1880s.

This song was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in 1896. Vande Mataram was adopted as the national song on 24 January 1950.

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