Vijay Diwas : India’s Victory Over Pakistan

Vijay Diwas is celebrated on December 16 every year to honor the victory of Indian armed forces over Pakistan in the 1971 war. On this day, India pays homage to all the soldiers who defended the nation.
Vijay Diwas 2021: Wishes, Images, and Messages to Remember the Bravehearts
The nation is commemorating India’s triumph over Pakistan in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War today by observing Vijay Diwas. On this day, military heroes’ sacrifices are commemorated, and extravagant tributes are paid to them. After their defeat, Pakistani forces led by General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi surrendered unconditionally to coalition forces led by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora in Dhaka on December 16, 1971. Bangladesh gained independence when the conflict ended. The 1971 war altered relations between the United States and the South Asian countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Vijay Diwas commemorates the Indian Armed Forces’ victory over Pakistani troops in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Martyrs who gave their lives to defend their country are remembered. The 13-day conflict between India and Pakistan ended on December 16, 1971. As a result, a new country, Bangladesh, was formed. The day is also known as Bijoy Dibos, or Victory Day, in Bangladesh.

Why does India celebrate Vijay Diwas?

On December 16, 1971, India won the war against Pakistan after fighting for 13 days. The chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi surrendered to the joint forces of the Indian Army and Bangladesh’s Mukti Bahini, along with 93,000 Pakistani troops. It was also the biggest-ever military surrender after World War II.

What led to the war?

The war was triggered by a rebellion in East Pakistan against the Islamabad government. Pakistani forces were committing atrocities on the Bengalis and minority Hindu population in East Pakistan. It is estimated that between 300,000-500,000 civilians were killed by the Pakistani forces, although the Bangladesh government puts the figures at three million.
Former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi then decided to provide support to erstwhile East Pakistan. She decided to give refuge to people who fled from East Pakistan. It is estimated that 8-10 million people left the country.
Year-long celebration to mark 'Vijay Diwas' begins

How did the India-Pakistan war of 1971 stars  

The war started when Pakistan launched air strikes on 11 Indian airbases on December 3, 1971. For the first time perhaps all three forces of India fought in unison. In return, Gandhi ordered Army Chief General Sam Manekshaw to launch a full-scale war against the neighbor.

What was the aftermath of the war (Vijay Diwas)?

The war resulted in the birth of Bangladesh, which was then East Pakistan.
The day is also observed in Bangladesh as ‘Bijoy Dibos’, marking the country’s formal independence from Pakistan.
More than 3,800 Indian and Pakistani soldiers lost their lives in the war.
India had also held 93,000 prisoners of war by the end of the war on December 16. Eight months after the war, in August 1972, India and Pakistan settled the Shimla agreement.
Under the agreement, India agreed to release the 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war. The agreement was later criticized for failing to negotiate India’s conflict with Pakistan over Kashmir. Critics had said that India could have held the Pakistani troops as a negotiation chip to get its way.

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